The main objective of the study was to investigate the effects of cashew nut supplementation on glycemia (blood sugar), body weight, blood pressure, and lipid profile in Asian Indians with T2DM. In total, 300 adults with T2DM were included in the study and were randomly assigned to receive a standard diabetic diet (control group) or a similar diet plus 30g of cashew nuts/day (intervention group) for 12 weeks. Results observed that participants in the intervention group had a greater decrease in systolic blood pressure and a greater increase in plasma HDL cholesterol when compared with the control group. So cashew nut supplementation may help reduce blood pressure and increase HDL (“good”) cholesterol in Asian Indians with T2DM.
The main sponsor for the study was the Cashew Export Promotion Council of India (CEPCI).
Mohan, V., Gayathri, R., Jaacks, L. M., Lakshmipriya, N., Anjana, R. M., Spiegelman, D., … & Gopinath, V. (2018). Cashew Nut Consumption Increases HDL Cholesterol and Reduces Systolic Blood Pressure in Asian Indians with Type 2 Diabetes: A 12-Week Randomized Controlled Trial. The Journal of Nutrition, 148(1), 63-69.